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Earth Mined

Lab Grown

Moissanite

Sapphires

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Colour

Diamonds have different colour gradings. The grading system goes from completely colourless to yellow hued diamonds.


D to F (colorless) to S to Z (yellow hue).

Lab grown diamonds have the same colour grading system as naturally mined diamonds. They vary from completely colourless to a yellow hue.

D to F - Colorless.

Moissanite is considered to be “colourless” gemstones. Moissanite is made with silicon carbide. Yet, there can be a yellow or grey tone in certain lighting. The size of the diamond will determine if it shows more colour or not.

Sapphires come in a variety of colours. However, blue sapphires are the most commonly used colour for jewelry.  A sapphire’s color is dependent on three factors: the gemstone’s hue, saturation, and tone.  

I to J - hues of yellows, grays and greens.

Cut

The cut is based on shaping the diamond so it best reflects light. Naturally mind diamonds can be cut into a variety of shapes and styles.

The cut is based on shaping the diamond so it best reflects light. Lab grown diamonds come in a variety of shapes and styles.

Cut to correct its doubly refractive index.

The natural shape of the sapphire influences it’s cut. The goal is to always achieve the best overall colour. Based on the areas  of the sapphire that has the strongest amount of colour, the cut will be determined by that. Sapphires are usually a deeper style because they are naturally in a barrel shape.

Clarity

Variable - Nearly always has a natural birthmark or flaw

Lab grown diamonds are made using carbon and high pressure. Inclusions naturally occur and are rated for their severity:

F - No inclusions or blemishes are visible to a skilled grader.

VVS1-VVS2 - Inclusions are difficult for a skilled grader to see.

VS1-VS2 - Inclusions are clearly visible but can be characterized as minor.

SI1-SI2 - Inclusions are noticeable to a skilled grader.

I1-I3 - Inclusions are obvious and may affect transparency and brilliance.

Most common: VS to SI

Most common: VS1 to VS2

Inclusions can be found in sapphires. The most common inclusion is needling. There are thin lines that can be seen on sapphires. There can also be mineral crystals, which are  partially healed breaks that tend to look like fingerprints. Color zoning and color banding are other kinds of inclusions in sapphires.



Carat

The bigger the carat the more expensive earth mined diamonds become.

They are chemically identical to naturally mined diamonds. A lab grown diamond becomes more valuable based on how high it’s carat weight is. Five metric carats weighs exactly 1 gram.

The color aspect of moissanites is more prominent when it is over 1 carat.

Most commercial-quality blue sapphires weigh less than 5.00 carats.

Durability

(Mohs Scale of Hardness)

Diamonds are the hardest known mineral and receive a 10 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness. They are extremely durable and hold up against scratches.

Lab grown diamonds receive a 10 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness. They are extremely durable and hold up against scratches.

On the Mohs scale, moissanite scores a 9.25. This makes a moissanite great for everyday wear.

On Mohs Scale of Hardness, sapphires score a 9 in the durability.

Price

Earth mined diamonds are the most expensive on the market.

Price is about a two thirds of a earth mined diamond

Much more affordable than earth mined diamonds. About a tenth of the price of earth mined diamonds.

Sapphires vary greatly in price depending on quality a high quality sapphire can be priced around the same as earth mined diamonds.

Brilliance

The brilliance in earth mined diamonds is more recognizably different.  They are famous for the three ways they reflect light. The white light reflected back from the diamond is known as brilliance. The rainbow of colors illuminated through the diamond is called dispersion. The sparkle of a diamond, called the scintillation also makes them extremely light reflective. These three elements create the famous shine of earth mined diamonds.

Our lab grown diamonds have the same physical, chemical, and visual characteristics as any natural diamond. The same amount of brilliance and sparkle can be seen in a lab grown diamonds.

As the light illuminates through a moissanite, there is a rainbow effect reflecting from the diamond. This is sometimes called the “disco ball” effect.

Inclusions affect the overall brilliance of the sapphire. The less inclusions means that the sapphire is more valuable and reflects light better.

Source

These diamonds are earth mined. VE AND VILE attain diamonds that are not only sustainable but ethically sourced.

A small diamond seed is placed in carbon as it grows and takes shape, under high pressure and temperature.

VE AND VILE mainly uses Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) for lab grown diamonds. Another popular method is High Pressure/High Temperature (HPHT).


CVD uses a hydrocarbon gas mixture to grow a diamond. The diamond seed is placed in a chamber that is filled with mostly carbon and other gasses, an ionized process takes place and the diamond seed begins to grow.


HPHT uses three different processes to grow a diamond which all incorporate the use of carbon and extremely high pressure and temperature.

Moissanite is commonly made in a laboratory. No mining is required in sourcing them.

Sapphires are earth mined.